Below are examples of antimicrobial initiatives underway in other organizations, institutions, state and federal agencies, and internationally.


Each of the following organizations conducts research, education and advocacy programs to control antimicrobial resistance and ensure access to effective antibiotics for current and future generations:

Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics

Infectious Diseases Society of America

The Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists

The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

MAD-ID: Making a Difference in Infectious Diseases Pharmacotherapy


Institutional Programs

University of California, San Francisco: resources including a restricted antimicrobial list and institution-specific antibiotic guidelines

State and Federal Programs


California ASP Initiative


Center for Disease Control and Prevention Get Smart Campaign on Appropriate Antibiotic Use

International Initiatives

Antibiotic Stewardship Implementation in the EU: The Way Forward (2009)

Bugs and Drugs: Canadian website is co-sponsored by Capital Health from the Alberta Services and the Canadian Committee on Antibiotic Resistance: booklet “Bugs and Drugs,” with information about antibiotic characteristics, indications, and restrictions, as well as information on microbiological issues.

Prudent Antibiotic User Website (PAUSE): United Kingdom website providing shared standardized teaching materials for more prudent antimicrobial prescribing practices, particularly suited to the needs of undergraduate medical curriculum but can be adopted for postgraduate training. Supported by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases as.

The DutchWorking Party on Antibiotic Policy (SWAB): contains updated antibiotic guidelines formulated by experts in The Netherlands and encompasses the NethMap project, an ongoing national surveillance system on the use of antimicrobial agents related to the prevalence of resistance to antimicrobials among the most important human pathogens.