Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in the United States is a common problem and imposes a significant cost on society in two ways. First, it increases the rate at which bacteria that are resistant to clinically important antibiotics emerge and spread both in hospitals and the community. And second, it comes in the way of the patient being treated for the true underlying cause of disease.

Interventions that target physicians’ prescribing behavior involve education either alone or in combination with other strategies, in ambulatory care and inpatient hospital settings. This policy brief reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of clinician education interventions and suggests directions for future research.

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